What is it?
- A virus that causes inflammation of the liver.
- But it does not lead to chronic liver disease
How is it transmitted?
- Oral-faecal contact (often poor food handling)
Activities which place people at risk
- Oral contact with contaminated food, water, eating utensils
- Contaminated hand to mouth contact
- Household or sexual contact with an infected person
Short term effects
- Acute illness lasting 1-3 weeks
- Usually presents with light coloured faeces, dark urine, fever, fatigue, skin / eye jaundice
Long term effects
- Usually no long term illness
- People do not remain infectious to others
- Washing hands after using the toilet
- Attention to food and water hygiene if travelling overseas
- Use of latex barriers for anal sexual practices (condoms, gloves, dams)
- There is an antibody test, if the result is positive and someone has never been vaccinated against HAV, then the person has had past exposure to the virus
- It is a short term acute illness that does not require monitoring
- There is no treatment for hepatitis A
- You may want to take symptom relief while you are unwell